Australian Medals and Awards

Australian Medals and Awards

UN and NATO medals are not listed below.  Unlike Canadian citizens, Australian citizens may be knighted by the Australian, British or Scottish government.

Medal initials in underline are post-nominal medals, in that the initials maybe used after their name.  Medals in italics, are military only medals.  All others (except Police, EMS, etc) are eligible for all Australian citizens and service workers.  Medals in yellow are Knighthood into an Order.  Order insignia include robes, sashes, etc.  Look under British Medals and Awards when finished.  Knights are called Sir after their Rank.  (ie.  General Sir Smith, KT).

In Order of Precedence:

Victoria Cross (VC)

Awarded for supreme sacrifice in the presence of the enemy.  Only one person in the world was ever awarded a second VC.

Cross of Valour (CV)

Awarded for conspicuous courage in extreme peril. 

The Most Noble Order of the Garter

For Services to the Crown of United Kingdom or the nation of Great Britain.  Awardees are called Knight Companions (Dame Comp.)

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle (KT)

For services to Scotland and to the Crown.  Called Knight or Lady of the Thistle.

The Order of Merit (OM)

For eminent service in the military, civil, arts and sciences to the Crown of Great Britain

Knight of the Order of Australia (AK)

Highest Australian Order granted only between 1976 and 1986.  Women are called Dame.

Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)

Highest Victoria Order promoted from previous Order holders.  Awarded for personal services to the Royal family.

Companion of the Order of Australia (AC)

Highest Order granted after 1986.  For supreme devotion to duty and Australia and her people.

Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)

For personal services to the Royal Family.  Women are called Dame Commander.

Officer of the Order of Australia (AO)

For extreme devotion to duty and Australia and her people.  Promoted from Member.

Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)

For personal services to the Royal Family.  Promoted from LVO.

Star of Gallantry (SG)

Awarded for great acts of heroism or gallantry in the presence of the enemy.

Star of Courage (SC)

Awarded for acts of courage in great peril.

Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

For distinguished command and leadership in the presence of the enemy.

Member of the Order of Australia (AM)

For great devotion to duty and Australia and her people.

Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order (LVO)

For personal services to the Royal Family.  Promoted from MVO.

Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO)

For personal services to the Crown.

Conspicuous Service Cross (CSC)

For outstanding achievement or devotion to duty in non-warlike situations.

Nursing Service Cross (NSC)

For outstanding performance of Defence Nursing Personal in war or non-warlike situations.

Medal for Gallantry (MG)

Awarded for acts of Gallantry in the presence of the enemy.

Bravery Medal (BM)

Awarded for acts of bravery in hazardous circumstances.

 

Distinguished Service Medal (DSM)

Awarded for distinguished leadership in action.

Public Service Medal (PSM)

Awarded for outstanding performance of government employees and service personal.

Australian Police Medal (APM)

Awarded for distinguished service of police officers.

Australian Fire Service Medal (AFSM)

Awarded for distinguished service of full-time or volunteer firefighters.

Ambulance Service Medal (ASM)

Awarded for distinguished service of civilian ambulance workers.

Emergency Service Medal (ESM)

Awarded for outstanding performance of EMS workers related to an accident, training and education.

Medal of the Order of Australia (OAM)

Awarded for devotion to Australia and her culture.

The Order of the Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem

 

Conspicuous Service Medal (CSM)

Awarded for meritorious achievement or devotion to duty in non-warlike situations.

Australian Antarctic Service Medal

Awarded for outstanding Antarctic expeditions.  Bars are added with year of award on each.

Royal Victorian Medal (RVM)

Awarded for services for the Crown.

Commendation for Gallantry

Awarded for acts of gallantry worthy of recognition.

Commendation for Brave Conduct

Awarded for acts of bravery worthy of recognition.

Commendation for Distinguished Service

Awarded for distinguished performance of duties in war-like situations.

Australian Active Service Medal 1945-1975

Awarded for warlike service in:

Korea/Malaya/Malaysia/ or Vietnam

General Service Medal

Bar awarded for:

30 days North Ireland, Dhofar (1969-1976), Lebanon (1983-1984), Mine Clearance, Gulf (1986-1989), Kuwait (1991), N. Iraq & S. Turkey (1991), Air Operations Iraq

Vietnam Medal

Awarded for service in Vietnam between 1964 and 1973.

Vietnam Logistic and Support Medal

Awarded for service in support of Vietnam operations which did not qualify under Vietnam Medal.

Australian Active Service Medal

Awarded for 1 day service in war-like situations which no other medal qualifies:

Kuwait/East Timor

International East Timor Force (INTERFET)

Awarded for 30 days service under INTERFET

Australian Service Medal 1945 - 1975

Awarded for peacekeeping in non-warlike situations in which no other medal has been issued.

Australian Service Medal

Awarded for peacekeeping in non-warlike situations, even if UN medals are issued:

Uganda, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Nambia, Vietnam, Sinai, Kashmir, Peshawar, Iran-Iraq

Rhodesia Medal

Awarded for 30 days during 1979-1980 service in Rhodesia with UK troops.

Police Overseas Service Medal

Awarded to police officers serving overseas in peacekeeping.  This is with UN medal as well.  Bars include:

Cyprus, Cambodia, Mozambique, Somalia, Haiti, Bougainville, East Timor, Afghanistan

Humanitarian Overseas Service Medal

Awarded to people or groups working in humanitarian cause in warlike situations.

Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee Medal (1977)

Awarded to some military, police and those dedicated to bettering the nation.  Anyone with an Order or bravery award by '77 receive one automatically.

Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee Medal (2002)

Awarded to some military, police and those dedicated to bettering the nation.  Anyone with an Order or bravery award or the 25th Jubilee, by '02 receive one automatically.

The Australian Sports Medal

For services to Australian sport.

 
Defence Force Service Medal

Awarded for 15 years Reg Force service.

Reserve Force Decoration (RFD)

Awarded to 15 years service as a Reserve Officer.

Reserve Force Medal

Awarded for 15 years service as an NCO in the Reserves.

Defence Long Service Medal National Service Medal

Awarded for 15 years service in the police, firefighters, EMS and corrections.

Champion Shots Medal

Awarded in yearly shooting competition to one person of each of the services.

UN/NATO Medals in order of UN precedence

* Though the General Service Medal may contain all bars, bars can only be issued once each.