Canadian Medals and Awards

Canadian Medals and Awards

Following British tradition, Canadian Medals are not very numerous.  Besides UN Campaigns (Not listed here), medals of bravery, service and orders are infrequently given.  It is not uncommon for a 20 military veteran to have less than 5 medals in total.  The medals listed here are Canadian only.  UN and NATO medals fall in where noted, under their own precedence.

Though Canadian citizens may have medals from other nations, they may NOT be knighted.  Foreign medals fall in after all Canadian medals, in order of precedence of that nation. 

Medal initials in underline are post-nominal medals, in that the initials maybe used after their name.  Medals in italics, are military only medals.  All others (except the Order of Police Merit) are eligible for Canadian citizens and service workers.

In Order of Precedence:

Victoria Cross (VC)

Awarded for supreme sacrifice in the presence of the enemy.  Only one person in the world was ever awarded a second VC.

Cross of Valour (CV)

Awarded for conspicuous courage in extreme peril.  Medal is worn around recipients neck.

Companion of the Order of Canada (CC)

Awarded from OC, for total dedication and service to Canada and her people.

Officer of the Order of Canada (OC)

Awarded from CM, for greater service and dedication to Canada and her people.

Member of the Order of Canada (CM)

Awarded for distinguished service and dedication to Canada and its people and culture.

Commander of the Order of Military Merit (CMM)

Awarded to Flag officers only, once they have received the OMM first.

Commander of the Order of Police Merit (COM)

Awarded to Commissioners and Chiefs once they have first received their OOM.

 

Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)

For great personal services to the Royal Family.

Officer of the Order of Military Merit (OMM)

Awarded to Major + or CWO for meritorious service within the CF.

Officer of the Order of Police Merit (OOM)

Awarded to veteran police officers, or promoted from the MOM.

Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order (LVO)

For personal services to the Royal Family.

Member of the Order of Military Merit (MMM)

Awarded to Warrants +, or upto Captain.  Maybe promoted to OMM; for meritorious service.

Member of the Order of Police Merit (MOM)

Awarded to veteran police officers for meritorious service.

Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO)

For service to the Crown.

The Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem

For outstanding work in medical training, use while under the name of St. John.

The Ordre National of Quebec (OQ)

For great service to the province of Quebec, her people and her culture.

The Saskatchewan Order of Merit (SOM)

For great service to the province of Sask., her people and her culture.

The Order of Ontario (O Ont)

For great service to the province of Ontario, her people and her culture.

The Order of British Columbia (OBC)

For great service to the province of BC, her people and her culture.

The Alberta Order of Excellence (AOE)

For great service to the province of Alberta, her people and her culture.

Order of Prince Edward Island (OPEI)

For great service to the province of PEI, her people and her culture.

The Order of Manitoba (OM)

For great service to the province of Manitoba, her people and her culture.

The Order of New Brunswick (ONB)

For great service to the province of NB, her people and her culture.

The Order of Nova Scotia (ONS)

For great service to the province of NS, her people and her culture.

Yukon Territory Order of Polaris

For great service to the territory of the Yukon, her people and her unique culture.

Star of Military Valour (SMV)

Awarded for distinguished and valiant service in the presence of the enemy.

Star of Courage (SC)

Awarded for conspicuous courage in situations of great peril.

Meritorious Service Cross - Civil (MSC)

Awarded for considerable professional achievement brining great benefit or honour to persons/group.

Meritorious Service Cross - Military (MSC)

Awarded for considerable professional achievement brining great benefit or honour to persons/group.

Medal of Military Valour (MMV)

Awarded for an act of valour or devotion to duty in presence of the enemy.

Medal of Bravery (MB)

Awarded for acts of bravery in hazardous conditions.

Meritorious Service Medal  - Civil (MSM)

Awarded for great professional achievement bringing benefit or honour to persons/group.

Meritorious Service Medal  - Military (MSM)

Awarded for great professional achievement bringing benefit or honour to persons/group.

Royal Victorian Medal (RVM)

For service to the Crown.

Gulf and Kuwait Medal

Awarded with bar: 16/01/91 to 03/03/91.  For service in Operation Desert Storm.

   
South West Asia Service Medal (SWASM)

Awarded for 90 days service in operations overseas. 

Bar for Afghanistan.

Somalia Medal

Awarded to those in Somalia 92-93 serving 90 days or more on station.

Special Service Medal (SSM)

Awarded for one or more of the following bars:

NATO, Peace, Pakistan, Alert

Ranger, Humanitarian

Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal (CPSM)

Awarded to anyone serving UN mission, or Peace Bar of SSM.  Only one award of this medal, ever.

UN Mission Ribbons

Awarded in precedence according to UN charter.

NATO Mission Ribbons

Awarded in precedence according to NATO charter.

International Commission for Supervision and Control Indo-China (ICSC)

For 90 days service between 1954 - 1970.

International Commission of Control and Supervision Vietnam (ICCS)

For 90 days service in 1973 in Vietnam as Observers.

Multinational Force and Observers (Sinai) (MFO)

For 90 days service.

International Force East Timor (INTERFET)

For 30 days service in 1999 - 2000.

Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee Medal 1977

Awarded for outstanding achievements in profession.  Anyone with bravery awards by 77, is awarded this medal automatically.

125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal  1992

Awarded for outstanding achievements in profession or community.

Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee Medal 2002

Awarded for outstanding achievements in profession.  Anyone with bravery awards or Military/Police Merit by 02, is awarded this medal automatically.

RCMP Long Service Medal

For 20 years in the RCMP.  A bar is awarded for each 5 years after that.

Canadian Forces' Decoration (CD)

Awarded for 12 years good service (no crimes) in the CF.  Rosetta is issued after 22 years and 32 years.

Police Exemplary Service Medal

Awarded to Police Officers with 20 years good service.  Bar added for each five years service beyond 20.

Corrections Exemplary Service Medal

Awarded to Corrections Officers with 20 years good service.  Bar added for each five years service beyond 20.

Fire Service Exemplary Medal

Awarded to Firefighters with 20 years good service.  Bar added for each five years service beyond 20.

Canadian Coast Guard Exemplary Service Medal

Awarded to Coast Guard with 20 years good service.  Bar added for each five years service beyond 20.

Emergency Medical Services Exemplary Service Medal

Awarded to EMS workers with 20 years good service.  Bar added for each five years service beyond 20.

Queen's Medal for Champion Shot

One Reg Force or RCMP and one Reserve recipient each year at national shooting contest.  Bars are given for each year won.

The Ontario Medal for Good Citizenship (OMC)

For volunteer work benefiting the people of Ontario.

Ontario Medal for Police Bravery

For brave acts worthy of recognition by Ontario Police Officers.

Ontario Medal for Firefighters Bravery

For brave acts worthy of recognition by Ontario Fire Fighters.

Saskatchewan Volunteer Medal (SVM)

For volunteer work benefiting the people of Sask.

Ontario Provincial Police Long Service and Good Conduct Medal

For 25 years of good service in the OPP.

Service Medal of the Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem

For 12 years service teaching and educating for the benefit of the Order of St. John.

Maple Leaf

Silver Maple Leaf is to denote second award of bravery awards and SSM

Gold Maple Leaf is to denote third award of bravery awards and SSM

Red Maple Leaf is to denote fourth award.

* Though the SSM may contain all bars, bars can only be issued once each.